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What Is ADHD? Causes, ADHD Treatment Options

What is ADHD?

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a mental health condition. That affects how well someone can sit still, focus, and pay attention. People with ADHD may also be restless and almost constantly active. Adhd treatment option are discussed in detail.

It’s usually diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. Estimates suggest it affects about 5% of school-age children.



Is ADHD the same as ADD?

ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. ADD is an old term for the condition. It’s rarely used now. Because most people with ADHD also have trouble with hyperactivity (ADD only covers people with attention problems). So the terms ADD and ADHD are basically interchangeable now.




Causes of ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Which affects children and later in life can result in problems with emotional regulation, self-image, and relationships.

People who have ADHD may have trouble paying attention. Controlling impulsive behaviors (may act without thinking about what the result will be), or be overly active.

The cause of ADHD is unknown, although many studies point to genetics. The condition is more common in males than females.




Assessment of ADHD

Because ADHD can affect children and adults in different ways. The symptoms can manifest differently depending on age. Symptoms in adults are often more subtle and harder to recognize than those in children. For example, adults may have less obvious restlessness, and may not appear impulsive. 


ADHD is typically diagnosed during childhood, between the ages of 3 and 6 years old. However, it is not uncommon for ADHD to be diagnosed later on in life. When a person transitions into a new stage of development such as beginning school or going off to college.


Often, adults who are eventually diagnosed with ADHD had undiagnosed symptoms during their childhood. As a result, they may have developed coping mechanisms to help them manage the challenges they were facing in their daily lives.


It is important that individuals are assessed by an experienced mental health professional. Who has knowledge of the differences between childhood and adult. ADHD symptoms to ensure that there is not another condition presenting with similar symptoms. 


ADHD Treatment Options

Medication for ADHD Treatment

ADHD is a neurological disorder that can affect the day-to-day lives of those affected. Medication has been proven to be very helpful in treating ADHD. ADHD medications are designed to increase levels of dopamine by blocking the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. To enable controlling of  impulses, actions, and attentiveness.

At present, there are two main kinds of ADHD medication available on the market:

  • Stimulants
  • Non-stimulants



Therapies for ADHD Treatment

ADHD therapy is a relatively simple process with effective results. A few Therapies are discussed in detail.



Psychoeducation is a treatment process in which a person with ADHD and their family members are given knowledge about the disorder. Such as the symptoms and how it affects the person’s life. The purpose of psychoeducation is to reduce distress associated with ADHD.


Behavioural or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Behavioural or CBT can be used to treat ADHD in children and adults. It can involve teaching parents and caregivers strategies for managing difficult behaviours in children, or helping adults learn to manage their own difficult behaviours.


Family therapy

Family therapy can be used for children or adults with ADHD. It can help parents and other family members understand. ADHD and learn new ways of interacting with the affected person.


Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT)

Interpersonal psychotherapy involves working with a therapist to identify stressors in relationships and other areas of life. Then developing coping strategies and skills to deal with these stressors. IPT can be used for adults with mild depression as well as adolescents. Who may also have some anxiety symptoms.



Psychotherapy is another option for people with mild depression who also have some anxiety symptoms. A therapist will work with you to develop strategies for dealing better with stressful situations, reduce anxiety,


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