After the fall of Imran Khan in Pakistan, the role of the army in the politics of the country has come under renewed discussion. On April 10, Imran Khan was forced to step down as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan after losing a no-confidence vote in Parliament. After its fall, the finger has been pointed at the country’s army as a force behind it. Analysts say he had to step down because of differences with the Pakistani military. However, the army was never seen on stage in the entire script to remove Imran Khan from office. As has been seen in the past, the involvement of the military is inevitable in any shift in Pakistan’s politics. The question is, how have they achieved this dominance of the military in Pakistan’s politics?
When the state of Pakistan emerged in 1947, it was at the hands of the political leadership. But within a short time, the military entered the country’s politics. From the very beginning, the military has been involved in Pakistani politics.
They never allowed civilian leaders to control themselves. They made their own decisions. All decisions on defense were influenced by the military.
The position of the army in Pakistan is so strong at present that no political party can survive without compromising with them. Although the first military coup in the country was led by General Ayub Khan in 1956, the military-civilian partnership had already begun in the regime. Analysts believe that this was due to the failure and incompetence of politicians.
In the 65 years of Pakistan’s history, the military has ruled the country for 33 years. When they were not in power, they still dominated everything.
Ikram Sehgal, a former Pakistani military official and chairman of the Karachi Council on Foreign Relations, said the military’s influence in foreign policy was justified. “The army has always been influential in Pakistan’s foreign policy,” he said. There are reasons for this. The intelligence agencies of the army have a very organized system by which they gather news and analyze it. Then they send it to the foreign office, they work very closely with the office.
However, the nature of military intervention in Pakistan’s politics has changed over time. A few days ago, during the crisis over Imran Khan, the army informed that they were not in favor. The younger generation is protesting in the streets, questioning the integrity of the army. But analysts are convinced that the protests will not soon reach the military’s ability to reduce its authority and dominance.