Health & Fitness

Pigmentation – Causes and Treatment

Rakshaa Clinic

Do you wish to achieve a clear and brilliant skin complexion? Meet the Best Skin Specialist in Delhi at Rakshaa Skin Clinic to get a beautiful skin tone with advanced dermatological procedures.

The skin contains a natural pigment called melanin produced by specialized cells called melanocytes (present in the outer skin layer) whose amount determines the unique skin color of an individual. The skin can either be lighter or darker due to variations in the size, amount, and functioning of the melanosomes (tiny melanin factories) caused by a variety of contributing factors. An individual’s skin pigmentation is determined by the balance of two types of melanin in the skin: Eumelanin-brown/black color for high UV skin protection and Pheomelanin-yellow/red color to support the production of reactive oxygen radicals.    

Skin pigmentation discoloration is of three types: Depigmentation (when melanin is completely absent), Hypopigmentation (lighter skin due to less melanin), and Hyperpigmentation (darker skin due to excess melanin). They are all harmless skin conditions that can embarrass people and lower their self-esteem because of their affected looks. 

At Rakshaa Skin Clinic, skin clinic in Delhi, effective treatments are performed by skin experts that help make the skin look radiant and flawless.


Causes of pigmentation:

  • Genetic predisposition: Some genes are responsible for regulating the production of melanin in the skin.  
  • Excessive UV exposure
  • Past Skin injuries due to ulcers, blisters, infection, chemical exposure, or burns
  • Inflammatory skin concerns like atopic dermatitis or psoriasis
  • Lack of melanin-producing enzymes in albinism affected people
  • Vitiligo- a depigmentation skin disorder caused by an autoimmunity
  • Hormonal modifications like during pregnancy lead to brown spots on the face (melasma)
  • Age spots
  • Acne scarring
  • Birthmarks
  • Intake of certain medications- This includes some antibiotics, retinoids, tricyclic antidepressants, antimalarial drugs, and birth control pills
  • Side effects of some therapies like cryotherapy, laser therapy, or phototherapy
  • Problems of the Gastrointestinal tract
  • Kidney, gall bladder, and liver diseases 
  • Addison’s disease-causing decreased functioning of the adrenal gland which leads to excess melanin
  • Inherited medical condition like Hemochromatosis which cause skin tanning or darkening 

How can pigmentation be treated?

A lot many possible treatment options including topical medications and cosmetic dermatological procedures are available at Rakshaa Skin Clinic, top dermatology clinic in Delhi to manage pigmentation issues. 

Avoiding picking or irritating of the injured skin and sun-protection of the skin can help prevent hyperpigmentation in most people. The popular in-office, non-surgical cosmetic procedures that can help in treating skin discoloration offered at Rakshaa Skin Clinic includes: 

  • Laser therapy- Laser treatments are versatile, safe, and effective methods for the treatment of skin concerns. The laser generates heat that gets absorbed by only melanin (targeted chromophores) of the skin. When performed for pigmented skin, it involves the use of short and concentrated laser light energy to carry out selective photothermolysis of excess melanin in targeted dark skin areas. 


Laser treatment in Delhi performed at Rakshaa Skin Clinic helps remove the affected upper skin layer to reveal the underlying skin. Moreover, the heat from lasers can penetrate deeper into the skin to reach the skin dermis and allow new collagen production, thereby rejuvenating the skin. This therapy can be used in combination with other modalities like chemical peels, PRP, and others for achieving better-desired results. Different types of lasers can be used to get the desired skin appearance including ablative (which is more intense and involve removal of superficial skin) and non-ablative (to encourage collagen production without affecting the top skin layer). 

  • Chemical peel (also referred to as derma peeling or chemexfoliation)- It involves the use of acids to chemically injure the skin surface and cause skin exfoliation. As the skin is peeled off, a new refreshing, healthy skin appears from underneath. This results in fading of the hyperpigmented skin. Depending upon the extent of skin unevenness of skin discoloring, the type of peel (light, medium, or deep) is chosen, each varying in their level of skin penetration and producing either gentle or dramatic effects.      

  • Micro-needling- It involves the use of a micro pen or dermaroller with multiple tiny needles to micro-puncture the skin surface and breaks the excess melanin responsible for uneven skin coloration below the skin surface. This helps in encouraging collagen production at the micro-injured skin areas without damaging or removing the skin epidermis. It works very well if hyperpigmentation resides in the skin epidermis. For deep or persistent hyperpigmentation or melasma, several sessions are required along with the use of some lightning products to achieve very effective results. 

To get an effective skin brightening and glowing treatment in Delhi at best cost visit at Rakshaa Skin Clinic.

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