The King cobra ( Ophiophagus hannah) is an snake recognized because of its deadly venom and large size. It’s not really a cobra (genus Naja) though both species are part of the family of Elapidae which includes venomous cobras sea serpents and kraits as well as Mambas and adders. Its genus name Ophiophagus refers to “snake eating.” It is also known as the “king” because it eats other snakes.
King cobras are considered to be the longest venomous snake in the world. Adults usually measure 10.4 or 13.1 feet long, however one specimen recorded 19.2 feet. King cobras differ in size , with males bigger than females (the opposite of the majority of reptile species). The average adult of either gender weighs around 13 pounds the largest recorded specimen being 28 pounds.
The snake’s color is brown, in color or deep olive, with black or black crossbands. The belly of the snake is creamy or yellow. King cobras are distinct from cobras that are true by the two massive scales that are at the top of the head as well as the chevron neck stripes, rather than “eyes.”
Iet and behavior
The king cobra hunts by using its tongue and eyes. Since it is dependent on sharp eyesight, it’s more active during the day. The snake’s forked tongue detects the vibrations and transmits chemical information into the Jacobson’s organ within the mouth of the snake to allow it to smell and taste the surroundings. King cobras are primarily prey to other snakes. However, they can be able to eat rodents, lizards and even birds, if needed.
If the snake is in danger when threatened, it attempts to flee. If it is cornered, it raises its head and the upper portion of its body raises its hood and then hisses. King cobra’s hiss can be less frequent than the hiss of other snakes, and it sounds like an oomph. Cobras that are in a threat position can still be able to move forward, and could deliver multiple bites in one strike.
Reproduction and Offspring
King cobras reproduce between January to April. Males fight each other to win females. After mating, females lay Between 21 to 40 hard white eggs. She arranges leaves in an arrangement on top of the nest to ensure that the decomposition process provides warmth to help incubate eggs. The male is close the nest to defend it and the female is close to the eggs.
Although they are not usually violent, cobras will protect their nests. Eggs hatch during the autumn. Juveniles are black , with yellow bands, which resemble an sea krait with bands. Can Dogs Have Raspberries Adults depart from the nest once the eggs hatch, however they can mate throughout their lives. The life expectancy of one king cobra is around 20 years.
The IUCN has classified the king cobra’s conservation as “vulnerable.” Although it’s hard to estimate the remaining snakes however, their population is declining in size. King cobras are under threat due to destruction of their habitats due to deforestation. are a major target for meat, skin traditional medicine, as well as the trade in exotic pets. Cobras are venomous snakes and are frequently killed due to fear.
King Cobras and Humans
King cobras are famous for their use by snake charmers. Cobra bites are very rare, yet the majority of bites involve snakes. A King cobra has a neurotoxic venom as well as containing digestive enzymes. The venom could cause death in a person within 30 minutes, or an adult elephant in just a few hours. In humans, symptoms can include intense blurred vision and pain that can progress to drowsiness, paralysis and eventually coma cardiac collapse, and even death due to respiratory failure
Two varieties of antivenom are made, however they are not readily accessible. Thai snake-hunters drink a mix of turmeric and alcohol. A study conducted in 2012 confirmed that the benefits of turmeric, which include significant resistance to cobra poison. The rate of death for bites of cobras that are not treated can range from 50 to 60%, which means that the snake can only inject venom for about half of each time that it bites.