Sadaqatul Fitr is an important act of worship related to Ramadan, fasting and Eid. All the provisions of Islam are dedicated to the welfare of humanity. Sadaqatul Fitr or Fitra for the poor and helpless people of the society so that they can join the joy of Eid at the end of Ramadan. Fitra is to be paid before the Eid prayers.
On the morning of Eid, whoever owns a nisab amount of wealth (8 and a half ounces of gold or 52 ounces of silver or equivalent cash and business goods), it is obligatory on him to pay Fitra on behalf of himself and his family. You can pay each other’s Fitra. Nisab, the current market price as silver is at least 40 to 50 thousand rupees.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abu Sa’eed Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated, ‘In the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) we used to give Sadaqatul Fitr one sa (three kilograms three hundred grams) of food, he said, then our food was: barley, raisins, cheese and Dates. ‘ (Bukhari, Volume: 1, Page: 204).
He further said, “We used to collect Sadaqatul Fitr with one sa food, such as: one sa barley, one sa date, one sa cheese, one sa raisin.” (Bukhari, Volume: 1, Page: 205.
Fitra is an act of worship. Abu Saeed Khudri (RA) narrates, ‘When Rasulullah (SAW) was among us, we used to pay Sadaqatul Fitr on behalf of all the small and big, free slaves, one saa food i.e. one saa cheese or one saa barley or one saa Dates or a bit of raisins. This is how we were to realize. Once Hazrat Muawiyah Ibn Abu Sufyan (RA) came to Medina on the occasion of Hajj or Umrah, he addressed the people standing on the pulpit. Then he discussed the issues that people have asked questions about.
He said, ‘I see that in the evening two muds (nisaf sa or two and a quarter kilos) of flour are equal (in value) to one sa (three kilograms three hundred grams) of dates. Then the people (the Companions and the Tabi’is) accepted this view. ‘ (Muslim, Volume: 1, Pages: 316-317).
It is better to give one sa (three kg three hundred grams) of flour or wheat. Hasan Basri (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “When Allah has given you abundance, be generous and give one sa of wheat.” (Nasai, Volume: 1, Pages: 26-280).
According to the Mujtahid Imams, foods that are easily preserved, easily exchanged and market prices are stable; Sadaqatul Fitr can be achieved by those foods. Note that these three characteristics exist in rice and all Arab countries including Saudi Arabia and almost all Muslim countries have now taken into account the rice. Mujtahid faqihs say that it is better to pay Fitra with what is the main food.
According to Hazrat Imam Azam Abu Haneefah (RA), it is better to pay Fitra with more expensive goods; In other words, it is better to benefit the poor by realizing that. According to Imam Malik (RA), it is better to perform Fitra with dates and it is better to perform ‘Azwa’ with the best of dates. According to Imam Shafi’i (ra), it is better to pay sadaqah with the best and highest value among the things mentioned in the hadith. Similar to all other Imams. According to Imam Ahmad Ibn Hamble, it is better to pay Fitra with dates as a follower of the Companions. Besides, in the case of charity, the consensus of the jurists is, ‘which is more beneficial for the poor.’ (Al-Mughni, Volume: 4, Page: 219; Mu’atta Malik in Volume of Awazzul Masalik, Volume: 6, Page: 128).
Among the food items, it is better to offer the highest priced dates or high quality rice or Fitra at its price. It is better for the rich to get the highest and the common people to get the middle price. The justice is that those who eat rice or those who break their fast with dates will pay Fitra in the same or equal amount. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘So the best, which is best and most valuable to the giver.’ (Bukhari, Volume: 3, Page: 18). The Islamic Foundation, Befaqul Madaris, Hayatul Uliya and various religious organizations have been following this rule since 2010.
Sadaqatul Fitr can also be collected in Ramadan for convenience. Fitra can be given to them, Zakat can be given in eight sectors. According to the Qur’an, ‘Sadaqat is basically for the fakir, the poor, the zakat worker, the devotee and the new Muslim, the slave, the debtor, the jihad in the way of Allah, the endangered foreign traveler and the wayfarer’s children. This is ordained by Allah. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. ‘ (Sura-9 Tawbah, verse: 70).
Fitra can also be paid in prescribed food, commodities or its price in money and any other item (such as: clothing, Eid Bazaar, etc.) can also be bought. Obligatory fitra and zakat cannot be paid to parents and superiors and children and subordinates and those who are responsible for maintenance (such as wives and pets)