Zilkad is the eleventh month of the lunar year. The location of the month is between the months of Shawwal and Jilhaj. The month of Zilqad is called ‘Zulkadah’ in Arabic. The word Zulkadah means to rest, to sit, to settle down.
In the pre-Islamic era, people used to sit in this month from war, so it is called sitting month.
12 months in a year out of which four months are honorable. The three are serial, namely, Zulkadah, Zulhajjah and Muharram. The other is Rajab. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 462)
Zilkad is also called the month of Hajj. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): (Surat al-Baqara, Ayat: 196)
These are Shawwal, Zilkad and Zilhaj. That means Hajj will continue in these three months.
Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) performed all the Umrahs in his life in the month of Zilqad. Apart from this, this month is very significant in the history of Islam for many reasons.
Battle of Banu Qurayzah
Upon returning from the trench warfare, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was instructed to fight the Bani Quraiza in the month of Zilqad of the fifth Hijri. The Banu Quraiza were a Jewish tribe in Medina. The Muslims already had an agreement with them. But when the Quraish came to attack Medina Sharif, the Banu Qurayzah broke the treaty and joined the Quraish. When the Quraish were defeated, Banu Quraiza hid in the forts. At one point, Gabriel (peace be upon him) came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) with a large army of angels and said, “Hurry up and go to Banu Qurayzah.” And Gabriel (peace be upon him) marched towards Quraiza with the army of angels. The beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) reached there and laid siege to Quraiza village. They are blocked for up to 25 days. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): He caused those of the People of the Scripture who helped them to descend from their strongholds and terrified them. Now you have killed some of them and taken some captives. And He gave you their lands, their houses and their possessions, and lands which you have not yet set foot on. GOD is Almighty over all things. (Surat al-Ahzab, verses 27-28)
Treaty of Hudaybiyya
The historic treaty of Hudaybiyyah was signed in the month of Zilqad of the sixth Hijri. The first Zilqad The beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) set out for the holy city of Mecca with about 1500 Companions to perform Umrah. When he reached the place called ‘Ishrat in Gadir’, he received the news that the Quraish were preparing for war as soon as they got the news of his arrival. They have taken an oath that they will not allow him to enter Makkah under any circumstances. Hearing this, the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) left that path and reached another place called Hudaybiya. There, through long incidents and conversations, the Quraish sent Suhail to the Prophet to make peace. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) instructed Ali (ra) to write a treaty. Eventually a historic treaty was concluded with the Quraish, known in the history of Islam as the ‘Treaty of Hudaybiyyah’. One of the conditions of the treaty was that the Prophet of Islam would return to Medina this year without performing ‘Umrah, and would not enter Makkah. Due to which the beloved prophet (sa. ) Go back to Medina without performing Umrah. Ridwan was held in Baiya in the same month.
Collection of Umratul Qaza
With the rising of the moon in the month of Zilqad in the 7th Hijri, the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) instructed the Companions to perform the Qaza Umrah of the year. On the instructions of the Prophet, all the Companions participating in the treaty of Hudaybiyyah were prepared to perform Umrah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) with a party of about two thousand Companions reached a place called Zul-Hulaifa and performed Ihram. After performing Umrah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) became halal and tied the knot with Maymuna (peace be upon him). Regarding this Umrah, Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily, Allaah has shown to His Messenger that the dream has come true. By the will of Allah, you must enter the Sacred Mosque in safety. Some of you will shave your head and some will cut your hair. You will have no fear. You do not know what God knows. God has given you a new victory. (Surah Fatah, Ayat: 26)