Colored plaster on al-Qaeda and militant violence

Prothom Alo has published a long column on Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov . Although it is not clear why the columnist suddenly became so hostile to this Chechen leader, the evidence that he sang there to the tune of the West is evident in his writings. The column, from beginning to end, seeks to portray Vladimir Putin as a heinous dictator who reunited Chechnya with Russia in a bloodbath and reunited the region with Russia, killing a man named Ramzan Kadyrov and putting him in power. Any thought other than oppression which has absolutely no thought.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

In any case, Kadyrov’s rise to power in Chechnya, while avoiding that context, is a tactical attempt to quote some of the most disturbing quotes from distant history. Continued. However, the reality is that the search for an understanding of what has happened in that region over the last 300 years is only a fraction of the history of Russia, not the whole context of the event.

The region of the Caucasus Mountains where the Chechens live has long been known as a mosaic of many ethnic groups. In addition to the Chechens, there are Ingush, Avar, Baikar, Lakh, Kabardin, Abkhaz and a few other small ethnic groups, most of whom have converted to Islam for the benefit of traveling Arab merchants who have come to trade in the distant past, but also traditional Christians and other religions. . As a result, the ethnic question is a very sensitive issue across the region. In addition, two powerful empires have been located along the border of the region since the Middle Ages, and a third stronger empire a little further west.

If we look back at history, it is easy to see that it was almost impossible for a small nation to maintain its own independent existence in that era. As a result, even the smallest nations in the Caucasus have to play a game of survival between the three powerful empires রা Russia, Osmania, Turkey, and the Habsburg Empire.

In that game, parts of these nationalities sometimes come under the influence of Turkey, sometimes Russia. They never had an independent existence in that sense. Whether it is Chechen leaders Imam Shamil or Haji Murat, whose words we bring into the discussion, they too have had to play the same game, which could not have been a threat to their own lives. At the end of the novel, Haji Murat recalls that a Russian military officer carried the severed head of a helpless local leader to the regional capital.

As a result, political atrocities are an ongoing feature of the region, from which the region has probably not yet been completely liberated. After the Russian Revolution, the Socialist Soviet Union seriously reviewed the issue of minority national rights, but did not find a lasting solution.

The Chechens were subjected to various sanctions, especially as the administration emphasized the need to control the Chechen ethnic group in the oil-rich region. As the knot of control eased somewhat in the mid-1950s, large numbers of Chechens deported from Soviet territory returned to their homeland, but the seeds of discontent remained; Later, in the process of the break-up of the Soviet Union, which re-emerged.

We know that after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 through mutual negotiations, 15 republics emerged as independent states. The lack of legitimacy was not in that decision, as the Soviet Union’s constitution referred to the issue of independence. However, the question arose as the autonomous republic of Chechnya declared independence. Russia saw the declaration of independence by Chechen leader Jokhar Dudayev as unconstitutional, as constitutional legitimacy was not behind it.

The Russian administration, led by Boris Yeltsin, feared that the recognition of Chechnya’s declaration of independence would signal a danger to Russia’s existence, as other Russian nations might follow suit. As a result, the government moved forward with the help of the military to quell Chechnya’s desire for independence, and from there the Chechen civil war began, with the war taking place in two phases with short breaks.

The first Chechen war began in December 1994 and lasted for almost two years. Although a ceasefire agreement was signed between the two sides in August 1997, it did not lead to a lasting solution. One of the main reasons for this was the growing influence of militant Islam in international politics. In the post-Chechen war period, Chechen President Aslam Maskhadov sought to ensure that Chechens could return to a peaceful life with greater autonomy under Russia. However, many of his close associates then turned to militant Islam and began to dream of establishing a larger caliphate in the Caucasus.

At the same time, it encourages Islamic militants in the Middle East and other parts of the world to engage in jihad, and at the same time, some hardline anti-Russian elements in the former Soviet Union, including Ukraine and Georgia, join hands with Islamist militants in the war against Russia.

Apart from this, the events in Bosnia in particular encouraged such Islamic militants to follow that path, and militant Chechen leaders like Shamil Basayev probably thought that they would be able to gain the sympathy of the West if they started a war to establish an Islamic state in the Caucasus region with Chechnya at the center.

However, neither the United States nor its allies have been able to agree with the aspirations of a section of the Chechen leadership, given the dangers posed by Russia’s involvement in such an insurgency. As a result, a group of militant Islamists from Chechnya and other countries, led by Basayev and Ibn al-Khattab, a foreign Islamic militant leader, invaded neighboring Chechnya in the summer of 1999 and took control of the region, declaring independence. No longer open.

That incident marked the beginning of the Second Chechen War, which lasted nearly 10 years, and in which the death toll was far greater than that of the First Chechen War. Although war broke out under Yeltsin, he saw the Chechen crisis as the biggest challenge facing his administration soon after Vladimir Putin took over as Russia’s president.

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