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Bangladesh alone is pulling the Rohingya crisis

The amount of international aid is decreasing every year

The Rohingya crisis is no longer in the spotlight of the international community. The amount of assistance for these displaced people is decreasing every year. As a result, Bangladesh has to bear the burden of the 1.1 million Rohingyas displaced by the Myanmar army.

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Although the Rohingyas are floating helplessly in the sea day after day, no country except Bangladesh has accepted them. However, after the recent Russian invasion, the displaced citizens of Ukraine have been welcomed by the countries of Western Europe. Still taking. Experts say, “This two-pronged policy of European countries is nothing new. Not only the Rohingya, but also the African countries have not accepted the refugees from Africa including the Middle East before. Only Germany has sheltered some refugees.

Myanmar sent a letter to start Rohingya repatriation in March after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. In the first phase, the country expressed interest in repatriating 600 Rohingyas in person. However, Bangladesh said it would send 1,100 people on a family basis.

Foreign Ministry sources said that the Rohingya repatriation process is still stuck in this situation. Foreign Minister. AK Abdul Momen told Samakal that Bangladesh continues its diplomatic efforts to find a lasting solution to the crisis through safe repatriation of Rohingya to Myanmar. It is now clear to the international community that this crisis has become a major burden for Bangladesh. Therefore, the effective role of the international community in resolving the crisis is urgent.

The Rohingya crisis has been going on since the seventies. In 1986, 1992 and 1999, Rohingyas came to Bangladesh as victims of Myanmar’s brutality. However, the Rohingya crisis became the biggest in 2016. In August of that year, when the Myanmar forces started the genocide against the Rohingyas in Rakhine, Myanmar, the Rohingyas started fleeing to Bangladesh in groups. About seven and a half lakh Rohingyas fled in just three months. With this, the number of Rohingyas who have already taken refuge in Bangladesh is about eleven lakh out of the total three and a half lakh already in the camp.

The opening of Bangladesh’s border for endangered Rohingyas in 2016 has been hailed by the international community as a shining example of humanity. They took part in large scale humanitarian aid activities, saying that they were on the side of Bangladesh in the Rohingya crisis. The formation of the UN Verification Commission found evidence of genocide and mass atrocities by Myanmar forces in Rakhine. The Western world condemns the Rohingya genocide. But over time, the Rohingya crisis loses focus. Myanmar has not imposed a large-scale ban on genocide, despite stricter sanctions on human rights abuses in other parts of the world. The European Union and the United States have repeatedly said that imposing tough economic sanctions on Myanmar would hurt the people of Myanmar. That is why such a big ban is not being given.

According to the investigation, the amount of international aid for Rohingyas has been decreasing every year since 2016. In 2021, the target was set at 943 million US dollars. However, 80 percent of that target was achieved. In 2020, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) set a target of ৮৭ 68 million for the Rohingya. But in the end the promise matched কোটি 600 million. The previous year, in 2019, there was a demand of কোটি 920 million to address the crisis of Rohingya and local people. Till December 9 of that year, it was possible to collect 620 million dollars. In other words, 6 percent of the total demand has been collected in 2019. Earlier in 2016, against the demand of 950 million dollars, 850 million dollars was received. The supply was higher than the demand in 2016, 63 percent of the total demand. The latest funding target for the current year is ৮৮ 60 million.

Relevant sources said that Bangladesh’s own expenditure in dealing with the crisis has increased to around Tk 3,000 crore as aid from the international community continues to decline.

Imtiaz Ahmed, a professor in the Department of International Relations at Dhaka University, told Samakal that it was “unfortunate” that neither the United Nations, the European Union nor any of the Western powers had been vocal in resolving the Rohingya crisis. It is true that they have given importance to the issue, but they have not given the kind of importance that is sure to solve this problem. Today Europe is seen as very generous to the displaced people of Ukraine. This generosity is certainly admirable, but here too, unfortunately, such generosity has not been seen for the Rohingya or the refugees in Syria and other countries in the Middle East.

Former Foreign Secretary Waliur Rahman said that when people with brown hair and blue eyes are seen in one way and people with black eyes and black hair are seen in another way, it raises the question of racist thinking. The rich countries of Western Europe are not racist, they provide humanitarian aid to many countries in many ways, but when the refugees of each country are considered individually, the question may arise. Another thing to keep in mind is that the crisis on European soil and the crisis in a South Asian country will not be considered equally by the European countries, that is normal. Now, if there is a crisis in South Asia, there is no reason to think that the countries of the region will see it in the same way as the countries of Europe will see it from afar. However, the United States has acknowledged that Myanmar’s junta government has committed “committed genocide”, a major step forward. Therefore, the Rohingya crisis will be resolved, even if it takes time.

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