A guide to orchard management
Orchard management plays an important role in our daily routine. Orchard management is as important as the management of life. Without proper plans, we can’t grow our orchards properly or in a better way, so we need laborers that take care of our orchards and tools that provide fruitful orchard results for a longer period. With good management, we can grow our orchards in a shorter period or in a fruitful way. This guide will help you to know about orchard management and how to manage in different ways, because every type of orchard has different requirements.
Orcharding with a single variety of a particular fruit crop.
As you can see from the name, there is only one type of crop in these orchards, e.g. mango
orchard – exclusively Alphonso variety, or a pomegranate orchard of Kesar variety.
- The purity of the variety can be maintained.
- Convenient for planning and management.
- All the trees come to harvest at the same time.
- The variety may be incompatible (which leads to poor fruit set)
- The variety may be susceptible to pests and diseases.
- The variety may be irregular, like Alphonso’s variety.
- The variety may not satisfy all consumers.
Mixed orchard with different fruit crops
In this type of orchard, we are orcharding different types of crops, but there is a condition which is that all the crops would grow at the same time. E.g. Fig + pomegranate + lime.
papaya + banana + pineapple.
- More than one crop may be available on the same piece of land.
- If one crop fails, another crop will come to the rescue and maintain continuity of income.
- Management becomes very difficult.
- Problems of pests and diseases.
The principal involved in multi-storeyed orchards is avocado harvesting light at a different height. The planting should be such that sunlight is absorbed by different crops at different storeys, and there would not be any competition for soil nutrients, moisture, and sunlight because of the spread and distribution of roots.
E.g. Coconut + black pepper + cocoa + pineapple + vanilla + banana.
By increasing plant population/unit area and placing plants closer together, high density tries to increase production per unit area. This has been done effectively in numerous temperate fruit crops, including apple, pear, and peach, where dwarfing rootstocks and plant response for training and pruning, as well as pharmacological size management, are available.
They are growing of fruit plants in drylands like arid and semi-arid zones as rain-fed crops. As various fruit harvester have been found for growth in dry and semi-arid environments, this approach is gaining traction.